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Andrew Jackson


Title: Andrew Jackson
Artist: Mills, Clark   
Foundry: Cornelius & Baker
Date of Work: 1855
Medium/Support: white metal
Measurements: 23 3/4 x 19 3/4 x 7 3/4 in (60.3 x 50.2 x 19.7 cm)
Inscribed: Yes
Inscription Type: marked
Inscription Location: on base front
Inscription Text: CORNELIUS & BAKER / PHILADELPHIA
Inscription Type 2: marked
Inscription Location 2: on base rear
Inscription Text 2: PATENTED / MAY 15 / 1855
Inscription Type 3: inscribed
Inscription Location 3: under horse's tail
Inscription Text 3: M
Acquisition Information: U. S. government purchase
Acquisition Number: 859.1451.1
Credit Line: The White House Historical Association (White House Collection)
Scholar's Notes:

"This statuette is a small version of a life-size bronze one. The large equestrian sculpture of Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) has reared proudly since 1853 in Lafayette Park, across Pennsylvania Avenue from the White House. . . . Mills depicted Jackson as the hero of New Orleans reviewing his troops before the great battle. The reference also had a contemporary relevance that was underscored by the motto that Mills intended for the pedestal: 'Our Federal Union, It Must Be Preserved.' The Compromise of 1850--a series of acts regarding the extension of slavery into new states and territories that averted the dissolution of the Union for a decade--was fresh in every mind when Mills unveiled his sculpture.

"It was the first life-size bronze equestrian statue ever cast in America. Mills had never set eyes on a large equestrian sculpture, much less made one. That he selected the rampant pose with its enormous problems of balance and support is all the more remarkable. . . .

". . . Mills must have quickly realized that small casts at modest prices would bring in continuing revenue and spread his reputation, just as engravings did for painters. Thus in 1855 he patented his design . . . . Production soon began at the Philadelphia foundry of Cornelius & Baker, acting on Mills's behalf."

Source of Scholar's Notes: Kloss, William, et al. Art in the White House: A Nation's Pride. Washington, D.C.: The White House Historical Association, 2008.
Page Number(s) in Source: 132
People: Jackson, Andrew   
Categories: White House Art Collection, Images of Presidents  
Type: sculpture   
whitehousehistory.org:

A brief biography of President Andrew Jackson, illustrated with a portrait by Ralph E. W. Earl.

Orientation: Portrait
Image ID: 221
Date (chronological sort): 1855